Posts for category: Foot Care
5 Signs You've Sprained Your Ankle
Ankle sprains are common injuries. They occur when ligaments that connect the bones in the ankle and foot tear. Ankle sprains are often very painful and debilitating. If properly treated, your ankle will heal well, allowing safe return to activity. Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists, which has offices in Elgin, Crystal Lake, Schaumburg, Huntley, and Chicago, IL, offers treatments for ankle sprains. Here are five signs you've sprained your ankle.
1. Pain- Ankle sprains cause localized pain at the site of the sprain. Even a minor ankle sprain can be painful. You may also feel discomfort or pain when you place weight on the affected area. The pain may be worse when the injured area is pressed or the foot moves in certain directions and during standing or walking. If your foot is painful to walk on — or if you're having trouble putting weight on your ankle, be sure to see your podiatrist.
2. Swelling- When an ankle is injured with a sprain, fracture, or tendon injury, inflammation occurs. Inflammation is the body’s normal protective response to an injury, irritation or surgery. Swelling occurs because of increased fluid in the tissue. This is sometimes severe. This is a normal reaction of the body and is the start of the healing process.
3. Bruising- Ankle sprains cause bruising at the site of the sprain. A badly sprained ankle can cause severe bruising. Bruising is typically a result of some degree of injury to the blood vessels in the skin. A bruise is made up of blood beneath the skin, resulting from broken blood vessels. Applying cold or ice therapy after injury will help limit swelling and internal bleeding.
4. Stiffness- A sprained ankle causes limited range of motion and stiffness. Pain and swelling often limit movement after the injury. Your podiatrist may advise against moving the ankle to allow the sprain to heal. Your podiatrist can also design an exercise program to help reduce stiffness after an ankle sprain.
5. Redness- Redness and warmth in the injured area is a common sign of a sprained ankle. Redness and warmth is caused by increased blood flow to the area. If your ankle is red, warm and swollen it is inflamed. Ankle sprains require medical care. The earlier you start treatment, the better.
Say hello to healthy and happy feet! If you have an ankle sprain, we can help you today. Call Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists at 847-468-1994 today to schedule an appointment in Elgin, IL. Call 815-356-0500 to schedule an appointment in Crystal Lake, IL. Call 847-352-0200 to schedule an appointment in Schaumburg, IL. Call 815-356-0500 to schedule an appointment in Huntley, IL. Call 773-836-9900 to schedule an appointment in Chicago, IL.
Calluses on the toes and feet can cause discomfort throughout the day. In many cases, your footwear might even be the cause of your calluses. At the very least, footwear can aggravate existing calluses. Fortunately, treatments are available for minimizing the discomfort of calluses or removing them completely. The podiatrists at Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists are your doctors for callus removal in Crystal Lake, Chicago, Huntley, Schaumburg and Elgin, IL.
What are Calluses?
Calluses are often caused by ill-fitting footwear, but can also be due to a toe deformity, such as hammer toe. Calluses develop as a result of constant friction on the skin, usually in places where the shoe rubs against the foot. The constant friction prompts the top layer of skin to thicken, which irritates the layers underneath. The repeated friction, irritation, and thickening of the skin eventually cause calluses to form.
There are two types of calluses, soft and hard. Hard calluses are also called corns and tend to form on the toes where the shoe puts pressure on the skin. Soft calluses typically develop between the toes as a result of the toes rubbing together. Soft calluses do not harden like corns due to sweat trapped between the toes when wearing footwear. Soft calluses usually have the appearance of an open sore.
One option for treating calluses is to use an over-the-counter medication. However, such products only treat the callus at the surface and do not address the root cause, which means your calluses can return. The best solution for long-term relief from calluses is to seek professional treatment from a podiatrist who can determine the cause of your calluses and recommend the best course of treatment for you. Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists provide callus removal.
Possible treatments for removing or reducing the size of calluses include:
- Shaving away the dead layers of skin
- Correcting toe deformities
- Soaking the feet regularly to soften calluses
- Filing calluses down with a pumice stone or callus file
- Wearing properly fitting footwear
The podiatrists at Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists can tell you what to do about your callus. To schedule an appointment at the Montclare, Chicago location, call (773) 836-9900. For Elgin, call (847) 468-1994; Schaumburg, call (847) 352-0200; and Huntley or Crystal Lake, call (815) 356-0500.
What makes your evening walk difficult? If you're like about 20 million Americans, you suffer from persistent heel pain. While your heel hurts more first thing in the morning, you rarely receive complete relief throughout the day. If you'd like to solve your heel pain problem, see your Crystal Lake, Chicago, Huntley, Schaumburg and Elgin, IL podiatrists at Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists. They help scores of people each year achieve pain-free feet for great mobility and overall well-being.
What statistics show
The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons states that 90 percent of individuals with heel pain need simple, non-surgical interventions. In other words, only 10 percent require surgery. Aimed at relaxing and relieving tension on the broad ligament on the bottom of the foot (the plantar fascia), stretching, physical therapy and arch support help most people within 10 months of beginning treatment. Even individuals with heel spurs, small bony projections located on the front of the calcaneus, or heel bone, do well with minimally-invasive interventions from their foot doctors.
Causes of heel pain in Crystal Lake, Chicago, Huntley, Schaumburg and Elgin
Most frequently, heel pain originates with overuse of the plantar fascia due to:
- Sports such as running, tennis or basketball
- Occupations which require long periods of time standing on your feet on hard surfaces, such as concrete
- Overpronation of the foot which flattens the arch and irritates the connective tissue
- Flat feet (which can run in families)
Treatment of heel pain
Arthritis also leads to heel pain, but whatever the cause, our podiatrists will individualize a care plan to relieve it. They perform careful physical examinations of the feet and ankles, including X-rays, MRI, ultrasound and other kinds of imaging as required.
Recommendations for treatment of heel pain may include:
- Stretching exercises for the calf muscles
- Physical therapy
- Supportive, quality shoes
- Orthotics (custom-made shoe inserts and splints)
- Cortisone injections
- Topaz minimally invasive procedure
Less frequently, people with heel pain undergo surgical correction to release tension on the plantar fascia or to lengthen the calf muscles.
Please come to see us
Get your heel pain in Crystal Lake, Chicago, Huntley, Schaumburg and Elgin, IL pinpointed and treated. Call one of the five convenient locations of Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists today for a consultation appointment with one of our experienced podiatrists.
Could that pain in your foot be caused by a bunion? The podiatrists at Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists discuss common bunion signs and treatment options. They often see patients who have bunions in their Crystal Lake, Chicago, Huntley, Schaumburg and Elgin offices and understand just how painful the foot condition can be.
Is that bump a bunion?
A bony bump at the base of your big toe is the primary sign that you have a bunion. The condition occurs when the bones in your foot become misaligned. Over time, your big toe will begin to drift closer to your other toes, causing the bump to become even more noticeable.
Wearing shoes can be very uncomfortable, particularly if your shoes are tight and push against your bunions. Constant pressure from your shoes can eventually cause a callus to form over your bunion. You may also develop corns on your other toes if your big toe starts to overlap them. Swelling and redness often accompany bunion pain.
What should I do if I have a bunion?
Although your bunion won't go away, there are a few things you can do to reduce your pain, such as:
- Go Shopping: Wearing tight shoes or high heels will only worsen your bunions. Choose shoes that don't press on the bunions and offer plenty of room for your toes to spread out.
- Pad and Protect: You can reduce pressure on your bunions by applying adhesive corn cushions. The cushions can also reduce pain caused when your big toe rubs against your other toes.
- Reduce Pain: Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can reduce both pain and swelling. If pain is severe, we may recommend a cortisone injection.
- Wear Orthotics: These shoe inserts are custom designed for your foot in our Crystal Lake, Chicago, Huntley, Schaumburg or Elgin office. Orthotics improve the alignment of your foot and reduce pressure.
- Try Exercises: We can show you a few exercises that will stretch your toe and decrease pain.
- Use Night Splints: Night splints, available in our offices, are designed to realign your toes and joints, decreasing bunion pain.
- Undergo Surgery: Surgery to realign your joint and remove excess bone and tissues is recommended when more conservative treatments aren't effective.
Are you ready to do something about your bunion pain? Schedule an appointment with the foot doctors at Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialist by calling (815) 356-0500 for the Huntley or Crystal Lake, IL, offices, (847) 352-0200 for the Schaumburg office, (847) 468-1994 for Elgin office and (773) 836-9900 for the Chicago office.
Biomechanics, or the study of mechanics in biological organisms such as humans, plays an important part in podiatry. Understanding the mechanics of the foot allows podiatrists to understand injuries, make proper diagnoses, and provide treatment strategies. For those who have foot injuries, podiatrists understanding the biomechanics of the feet let's them know if the injury is caused from impact, movement, or other variables. With the exact cause known, podiatrists can offer a number of solutions, such as orthotics, keeping pressure off the foot, or other methods to treat the condition. Biomechanics allows podiatrists to get a better understanding of our feet and how they work.
If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from one of our podiatrists from Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Biomechanics in Podiatry
Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.
A History of Biomechanics
- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.
Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.
Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Illinois. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.