Biomechanics, or the study of mechanics in biological organisms such as humans, plays an important part in podiatry. Understanding the mechanics of the foot allows podiatrists to understand injuries, make proper diagnoses, and provide treatment strategies. For those who have foot injuries, podiatrists understanding the biomechanics of the feet let's them know if the injury is caused from impact, movement, or other variables. With the exact cause known, podiatrists can offer a number of solutions, such as orthotics, keeping pressure off the foot, or other methods to treat the condition. Biomechanics allows podiatrists to get a better understanding of our feet and how they work.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from one of our podiatrists from Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics
-  Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
-  In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Illinois. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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While most fungal infections of the foot, such as athlete’s foot, are non-serious conditions, they can cause red, itchy, dry feet. This can be very uncomfortable; however, it can be prevented. Keeping your feet clean and dry can prevent fungus from developing. Use talcum powder if your feet get very sweaty. Socks and stockings should be changed daily and should be breathable to prevent sweat. It is advised to change your shoes every couple of days. Shoes that are roomy and allow the feet to breathe are also recommended. Avoid going barefoot in public bathrooms, locker rooms, and changing rooms since these places can harbor fungus. Fungal infections are no fun, but they can be prevented. If you think you have a fungal infection on your foot, see a podiatrist for a diagnosis.

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily treated if done properly. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speak to your podiatrist for a better understanding of the different causes of athlete’s foot, as well as helping you figure out which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Illinois. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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When it comes to picking the right shoes, children are much more different than adults. Children’s feet are still growing and developing compared to adult feet. With this in mind, it is important for parents to make sure that their children’s shoes properly fit them. If your child is having a growth spurt, they can quickly outgrow the shoes they wear even if they are new. Children’s shoes should be flexible and have enough space for their toes to move around. They also need to provide good foot support and cushion for comfortability. Shoes should be comfortable even after wearing them for hours. Finally, knowing when to wear the right shoe is vital. Sandals or flip-flops are fine for the beach but not for wearing all day. If your child plays sports, they need high performance shoes that can handle the stress. Parents should routinely check their children’s shoes to make sure they properly fit.

Making sure that your children maintain foot health is very important as they grow. If you have any questions, contact one of our podiatrists from Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet. 

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet in childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care from birth to school-age.

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

  • Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet
  • Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age, toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’.  

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet

  • Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus
  • Be watchful of any pain or injury
  • Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible
  • Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Illinois. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Many people experience heel pain, stiffness, and swelling from plantar fasciitis. Yet choosing the right footwear can help ease the pain. First off, make sure that the shoes you wear are your size and properly fit your foot. Next check to see that your toes can move freely and aren’t cramped. Also choose shoes that have a good amount of heel cushioning. Socks are also important and they shouldn’t be too big. They should be breathable and thinner so as not to take up too much shoe space. Shoes with removable soles allow you to swap it out for one that fits better. Arch support is vital and can help prevent plantar fasciitis. Elevated heels in shoes can help distribute body weight away from the back of the foot. Taken together, these tips can help ease the pain of plantar fasciitis. It is important to see a podiatrist who can provide more tips for selecting shoes and alleviating plantar fasciitis.

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact one of our podiatrists from Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

·      Excessive running

·      Non-supportive shoes

·      Overpronation

·      Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

How Can It Be Treated?

·      Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices

·      Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis

·      Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Illinois. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Hammertoe is a condition that occurs as a result of the middle toe joint becoming dislocated. While it can affect any toe on the foot, it usually occurs in the second or third toe. If you suspect that you have hammertoe, you should treat it as soon as possible since it can lead to other conditions including calluses, sores, and blisters. In terms of its causes, hammertoe can result from arthritis, high arches, or pressure from tight shoes. A simple fix for people who have hammertoe due to the shoes they wear is to wear shoes that fit properly. If you have high arches in your feet that caused your hammertoe, you should look toward getting insoles for treatment. In some cases, there isn’t a simple option for treatment and surgery may be necessary.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from Advanced Foot and Ankle Specialists. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs. 

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear. 

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

  • Genetics – people who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible
  • Arthritis – because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur
  • Trauma – direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe
  • Ill-fitting shoes – undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

  • Orthotics – custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it
  • Medications – oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used
  • Surgery – in more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Illinois. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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